Wednesday, February 4, 2015

Henschel Hs 127


The Henschel Hs 127 was a bomber aircraft that was designed in response to a 1935 RLM (Reichsluftfahrtministerium) request for a fast, tactical medium bomber. Junkers, Focke-Wulf, Messerschmitt and Henschel all submitted designs. According to RLM specifications, the plane was to be able to maintain a speed of 500 km/h (313 mph) for 30 minutes, take off to a height of 20 meters (65 ft) in not more than 750 meters (2,460 ft), and carry one defensive machine gun and 500–800 kg (1,100–1,760 lbs) of bombs. The crew was to consist of a pilot, a bombardier/navigator and a gunner. Focke- Wulf soon withdrew from participation and three projects were presented: the future Hs 127, the Junkers Ju 88 and the Messerschmitt Bf 162.

Prototypes were ordered of all three, with new Daimler-Benz DB 600 engines to be installed on all planes. The maiden flight of the Hs 127 V1 was at the end of 1937. Only two unarmed prototypes were built of this low-wing monoplane with monocoque fuselage. Its two-spar wing had an all-metal covering and was equipped with flaps. Its retractable gear had shock-absorbers to facilitate operations from poor airstrips. All three crew members sat in the nose. The plane was smaller and lighter than the Junkers Ju 88—it had a span of about 18 m (59 ft), a length of 12 m (39 ft) and a very good top speed of 565 km/h (353 mph)—but the Ju 88 was chosen because of its bigger bomb load. In May 1938, the contract for the Henschel Hs 127 development was canceled by the RLM and a third prototype was not finished.

Specifications
General characteristics
    * Crew: 3
    * Length: 39 ft (12 m)
    * Wingspan: 59 ft (18 m)
    * Height: ()
    * Empty weight: 11,000 lb (5,000 kg)
    * Loaded weight: 17,600 lb (8,000 kg)
    * Powerplant: 2× DB 600 12-cylinder, inverted-vee configuration, 850 hp (634 kW) each
Performance
    * Maximum speed: 353 mph (568 km/h)
Armament
3,307 pounds (1,500 kg) bombload

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